Canada

The Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA) is a proposed legislation in Canada that aims to regulate the use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems. This act was introduced as part of the Digital Charter Implementation Act in June 2022. The document provides an overview of the AIDA and its key components.

The AIDA recognizes the significant impact that AI systems can have on the lives of Canadians and businesses. It outlines the need for a responsible AI framework in Canada and highlights the consultation timeline for its implementation.

The act focuses on high-impact AI systems and considers individual harms, collective harms and biased output. It identifies regulated activities and provides oversight and enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance.

Additionally, the AIDA introduces three new criminal offenses to address specific concerns related to AI. These offenses target behaviors that cause harm and are done knowingly or recklessly.

The document also discusses the impact of the AIDA on access to open source software and open access AI systems. It clarifies that the distribution of open source software would not be subject to obligations under the act.

The administration and enforcement of the AIDA would be the responsibility of the Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry. The act also proposes the creation of a new statutory role for an AI and Data Commissioner to support the Minister in carrying out these responsibilities.

Overall, the AIDA aims to establish a regulatory framework for AI systems in Canada, considering the potential risks and harms associated with their use. It takes into account international frameworks and allows for updates as technology advances.

FAQ

Q. What is the purpose of developing regulations for AI systems?

A. The purpose of developing regulations for AI systems is to ensure the safety of Canadians and to address potential risks and biases associated with these systems. Regulations aim to create a framework that promotes responsible and ethical use of AI technology.

Q. How will the implementation of AI regulations take place?

A. The implementation of AI regulations will involve a consultation period of approximately 6 months, during which stakeholders will have the opportunity to provide input and feedback on the proposed regulations. This collaborative approach ensures that regulations are developed in close collaboration with those who will be affected by them.

Q. What are some examples of AI applications in Canada?

A. AI systems are being used in Canada for various applications that benefit the economy and improve the lives of Canadians. Examples include image identification and modification, translation services, generating creative content and making predictions or decisions related to credit, hiring and digital services.

Q. What powers will the Minister have in ensuring the safety of Canadians?

A. The Minister will have powers to ensure the safety of Canadians when it comes to AI systems. In cases where there is a risk of harm or biased output, the Minister may take actions such as ordering the production of records to demonstrate compliance or ordering an independent audit. In cases of imminent harm, the Minister may order the cessation of use of a system.

Q. What responsibilities do businesses have in relation to high-impact AI systems?

A. Businesses responsible for regulated activities associated with high-impact AI systems would be required to meet design and development requirements before making the system available for use. Additionally, they would need to notify the Minister if a system causes, or is likely to cause, material harm.

Q. What measures could apply at each stage of the AI system’s lifecycle?

A. The table provided in the context illustrates the types of measures that could apply at each stage of an AI system’s lifecycle. These measures include design and development requirements, ongoing monitoring and reporting, compliance audits, and potential actions by the Minister to address risks or contraventions.

Additional Resources to Learn More

To learn more about AI and its current regulation in Canada, visit the following sources:

These sources provide a good starting point to learn more about this subject.